Gaibandha was established as a district in 1984. It has two circles (A circle and B circle) and 7 police stations. These are Gaibandha sadar,  Sadullahpur, Sundarganj, Polashbari, Gobindganj, Shaghata and Fulsori. It has also 06 investigation centers, 01 river outpost at Kashibazar and 01 town post.